Dr. Floyd Arthur Harper (February 7, 1905 – April 1973), better known as F. A. Harper or "Baldy" Harper, was an American academic, economist and writer. He was a professor at Cornell University, where he had served as Professor of Marketing for over a decade. Harper was member of the Mont Pelerin Society. He had helped start up and had been a member of the staff of The Foundation for Economic Education from 1946 to 1958, codirected the William Volker Fund from 1958 to 1961, and founded the Institute for Humane Studies in 1961, later becoming its President in 1966, a position he held until his death.
At his death, Harper was eulogized by Murray Rothbard (1926–1995), dean of the Austrian School.