Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 AD
Essays in Macro-Economic History
Автор(и) : Angus Maddison
Издател : Oxford University Press
Място на издаване : New York, USA
Година на издаване : 2007
ISBN : 978-0-19922-720-4
Брой страници : 418
Език : английски
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This book seeks to identify the forces which explain how and why some parts of the world have grown rich and others have lagged behind.
Encompassing 2000 years of history, part 1 begins with the Roman Empire and explores the key factors that have influenced economic development in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe. Part 2 covers the development of macroeconomic tools of analysis from the 17th century to the present. Part 3 looks to the future and considers what the shape of the world economy might be in 2030.
Combining both the close quantitative analysis for which Professor Maddison is famous with a more qualitative approach that takes into account the complexity of the forces at work, this book provides students and all interested readers with a totally fascinating overview of world economic history.
Professor Maddison has the unique ability to synthesise vast amounts of information into a clear narrative flow that entertains as well as informs, making this text an invaluable resource for all students and scholars, and anyone interested in trying to understand why some parts of the World are so much richer than others.
Population Movement 1820–1950
For West European countries and Western Offshoots, population estimates for this period are based mainly on censuses dating back to the eighteenth century for Scandinavia and Spain and the early nineteenth for most other countries. The sources are described in HS–1 and HS–2. For Western Europe, annual estimates, adjusted to a midyear basis are shown for all countries back to 1820. For Western Offshoots, they are shown separately for the indigenous population and those of European/African origin at decade intervals for 1820–1870, with annual estimates for the total population thereafter.
For Eastern Europe, annual estimates are shown from 1920. Before the first world–war, these countries were divided between the Austro–Hungarian, Ottoman, Russian and German Empires. Derivation of estimates in the territory corresponding to present boundaries is possible, but they are too rough to warrant presentation on an annual basis. Estimates for the territory of the former USSR are also too rough to warrant annual presentation before 1920. Population sources are described in HS–3.
For Latin America annual estimates are shown back to 1900 for 23 countries. The 1820 and 1870 estimates in Maddison (2001) for the smaller countries are revised and augmented from the Cambridge History of Latin America, Engerman and Higman (1997) and other sources cited in HS–4.
For Asia annual estimates are shown from 1913 for the 16 core countries, and for benchmark years 1820, 1850, 1870, 1890 and 1900. For China, India, Indonesia and Japan annual estimates are shown back to 1870. For other countries there are estimates for benchmark years 1820, 1870, 1900 and 1913. In most cases the sources in HS–5 are the same as in Maddison (2001).
For Africa, the statistical basis is weaker than elsewhere. I show no annual estimates before 1950, but give detail for the sample countries for 1820, 1870 and 1913 in Table 6–10 of HS–6.
Angus Maddison (1926 - 2010) was a world scholar on quantitative macroeconomic history, including the measurement and analysis of economic growth and development.
Born in 1926 in Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, Angus Maddison was Emeritus Professor at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands and Honorary Fellow of Selwyn College, Cambridge. He was educated at Cambridge, McGill, and Johns Hopkins universities, before teaching at the University of St Andrews in Scotland. His professional relationship with the OECD began even before the Organisation's birth. He was Head of the OEEC Economics Division from 1953 to 1962 when the organization became the OECD. From 1963 to 1966, he was a Fellow of the newly created OECD Development Centre. He left the Organisation in order to undertake research for the Twentieth Century Fund and Harvard University's Development Advisory Service but, by 1971, Professor Maddison was back at the OECD as Head of the Central Analysis Division, a post he retained for seven years.
Angus Maddison has been an advisor to the governments of Brazil, Ghana, Greece and Pakistan and has travelled widely in developing countries as part of his research interests. His major research interest was the assessment of the forces affecting the economic growth performance of nations, with particular emphasis on quantitative analysis in historical and comparative perspectives.
Professor Maddison is the author or co-author of 25 books and a great many articles in academic and financial journals.
Личен сайт: http://www.ggdc.net/maddison/; http://www.ggdc.net/maddison/Maddison.htm