Investigations into the Method of the Social Sciences with Special Reference to Economics
"Untersuchungen uber die Methode der Socialwissenschaften und der Politischen Oekonomie insbesondere "
Автор(и) : Carl Menger
Издател : Ludwig von Mises Institute
Място на издаване : Auburn, Alabama, USA
Година на издаване : 2009
ISBN : 0-8147-5397-3
Брой страници : 237
Език : английски
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Here is the book that gave the Austrian School its name.
The famed Methodenstreit of the late 19th century was the battle of method. It pitted the emerging Austrian School against the German Historical School over a critically important question: what is the proper way to do social science? Here Carl Menger, the founder of the School, vindicates the importance of theory, and lays the foundation for later developments by Mises and others. The book was written twelve years after his principles book, and it sought to deal with the hostility with which that book was greeted in the German world. Menger argues that economics can and must be more than an effort at observing, collecting, and assembling data. It can make general observations about the laws of economics that operate independently of time and place.
Joseph Salerno writes: "The Investigations precipitated a furor among German economists who heatedly responded with derisive attacks on Menger and the Austrian School. In fact, this latter term was originated and applied by the German Historicists in order to emphasize the isolation of Menger and his followers from the mainstream of German economics."
No Austrian can overlook this very important treatise on method. This edition includes an introduction by Lawrence White that frames up the debate over method in light of modern trends in economic theory.
All great civilized nations have their specific mission in the development of sciences, and every aberration of the scholarly world of a nation, or of a considerable part of it, leaves a gap in the development of scientific knowledge. Political economy, too, cannot dispense with the single-minded cooperation of the German mind. To contribute to bringing it back to the right paths was the task of this work, which was pursued without secondary considerations.
Vienna , December, 1882 THE AUTHOR
Carl Menger (1840-1921) was one of the founders of the Austrian School of economics. Menger, along with Jevons and Walras, published a work in 1871 which revolutionized the way economists viewed value and price theory by introducing innovations in the theory of marginal utility. His work was profoundly influential in Europe where it inspired the work of Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek.