Rüdiger "Rudi" Dornbusch (June 8, 1942 – July 25, 2002) was a German economist who worked for most of his career in the United States.
Throughout his career his main focus was on international economics, especially monetary policy, macroeconomic development, growth and international trade. According to some of his students and associates his talent was to extract the heart of a problem and make it understandable in simple terms. For example, he explained fluctuations in prices and exchange rates with great clarity (notably with his Overshooting Model). He worked also for the IMF, making controversial contributions to the development of stabilisation policies, especially for Latin American countries. For more than 15 years he served as an associate editor of the Quarterly Journal of Economics.
Together with Stanley Fischer he also wrote widely used undergraduate textbooks.