Селско стопанство. Организация на промишлеността

Agricultural Policy Reform in China

Издател : ABARE

Година на издаване : 1991

ISBN : 0-644-14188-3

Брой страници : 53

Език : английски


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China is the world’s sixth largest economy and its most populous country, home to 1.3 billion people or 21% of the Earth’s total population. But it faces a major challenge in providing its people with food – China has only 10% of the world’s arable land and only one quarter of the average world water resources per person.
Agricultural reform has therefore been a major pillar of the fundamental economic reforms undertaken by China since 1978, resulting in a gradual transition from a centrally planned economy towards a socialist market economy. The commune system was replaced by one where individual families lease land from the collectives, ensuring that almost all rural households have access to land. Then, rural industries started to expand and absorbed a large part of farm labour. The reforms have achieved a sharp rise in agricultural production together with a dramatic fall in poverty and a significant improvement in the amount and quality of food available.

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