Икономическа политика

Decentralization: Experiments and Reforms

Автор(и) : Tamás M. Horváth

Издател : ОSI/LGI

Място на издаване : Budapest, Hungary

Година на издаване : 2000

ISBN : 963-00-3210-4

Брой страници : 424

Език : английски


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Decentralization and development of modern local government systems were fundamental components of transition in Central Europe. During this first decade of demolishing centralized states and unifying public services, various local government models were designed. Political mechanisms, economic systems, inherited institutions and management practices were restructured in these countries. Several shifts in objectives and modifications in the speed of changes characterized the long learning process of establishing new local governments. Ten years after political transformation, this book is an attempt to assess the most important elements of local government systems and to present the similarities and differences in the existing models of eight countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE).
This publication is a continuation of the first anthology on local governments in the region published by the predecessor organization of the Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative (LGI) in 1994. At that time there was a need for basic information on local governments. Those reports described a wide range of countries in a concise manner. Our first goal with this publication is to update the information on the first of three groups of countries. At the same time our intention is not only to present systemic information, but also to analyze and evaluate internal processes. In this way local government structures can be better understood and compared.
These goals are in line with LGI’s mission to generate knowledge on local governments and public services in the CEE region. This information and analysis will be an important building block for the gradual development of local governments. Countries following different patterns might learn from this information on local models. We also hope that through this publication LGI will be able to establish new partnerships with policymakers and other potential users of this book.

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