An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Utilitarianism, and On Liberty
Автор(и) : Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill
Издател : Anchor Books
Място на издаване : New York, USA
Година на издаване : 1973
ISBN : 0-385-08256-8
Брой страници : 600
Език : английски
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This volume includes the complete texts of two of John Stuart Mill's most important works, UTILITARIANISM and ON LIBERTY, and selections from his other writings, including the complete text of his REMARKS ON BENTHAM'S PHILOSOPHY. The selection from Mill's A SYSTEM OF LOGIC is of special relevance to the debate between those who read Mill as an Act-Utilitarian and those who interpret him as a Rule-Utilitarian. Also included are selections from the writings of Jeremy Bentham, founder of modern Utilitarianism and mentor (together with James Mill) of John Stuart Mill. Bentham's PRINCIPLES OF MORALS AND LEGISLATION had important effects on political and legal reform in his own time and continues to provide insights for political theorists and philosophers of law. Seven chapters of Bentham's Principles are here in their entirety, together with a number of shorter selections, including one in which Bentham repudiates the slogan often used to characterise his philosophy: THE GREATEST HAPPINESS OF THE GREATEST NUMBER.
“ Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think.. ” - Jeremy Bentham
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John Stuart Mill
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), British philosopher, economist, moral and political theorist, and administrator, was the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century. His views are of continuing significance, and are generally recognized to be among the deepest and certainly the most effective defenses of empiricism and of a liberal political view of society and culture. The overall aim of his philosophy is to develop a positive view of the universe and the place of humans in it, one which contributes to the progress of human knowledge, individual freedom and human well-being. His views are not entirely original, having their roots in the British empiricism of John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume, and in the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham. But he gave them a new depth, and his formulations were sufficiently articulate to gain for them a continuing influence among a broad public.