The EPR project in Kazakhstan had originally started in September 1997, but had to be interrupted for organizational reasons. A second preparatory mission therefore had to be organized and took place in October 2000. It resulted in a new structure for the report, which was adapted to the many changes in the country that had occurred in the meantime. The review team for the project was constituted following these decisions and included national experts from Finland, France, Denmark, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Uzbekistan, together with the ECE secretariat, UNEP and the Bilthoven Division of the WHO European Centre for Environment and Health. The costs of the participation of experts from countries in transition, as well as the travel expenses of the ECE secretariat, were covered by extrabudgetary funds that had been made available from Finland, Germany and Italy. In addition, the Netherlands contributed funds to the Kazakh expenditures for the organization of the project, in a bilateral project. All contributions were essential to the implementation of the project.
"The introduction of the spirit of the Law on Environmental Protection into other laws is still
under way, and contradictions still exist. The Law on Environmental Protection views environmental protection as a precondition for sustainable development. Its declared aims are to maintain ecological safety, prevent entrepreneurial and other activities from having a harmful effect on natural ecosystems, preserve biodiversity and ensure the efficient use of nature. The Law defines the rights and responsibilities of citizens and social associations. It describes the duties of governmental bodies, the requirements of nature use and its regulation, and measures to prevent and clean up environmental pollution. It lays down the regulation of environmental emergency situations and environmental disaster zones, objects of environmental protection of special environmental, scientific or cultural value, environmental monitoring, information and statistics, environmental education, economic mechanisms,
and the control of environmental protection. The Law designates organizational structures for environmental protection, establishes the basis for environmental standards and requirements, procedures for licensing, permitting and control, economic incentives for nature and environmental protection, and environmental auditing, and creates a framework for international environmental protection. It allows fees to be charged for pollution below the permitted limits, it underscores the right of the public to live in a healthy environment and to claim compensation for damage to health and environment."